Finding the Right Collar and Fit
Although collars are the most common pieces of equipment, they rarely are fitted properly--meaning that they usually are so loose that a dog could slip out in the wrong situation. And even though your pup may be well behaved, all dogs can become a flight hazard in the chaos of the city.
This can happen for a couple of reasons. Sometimes the collar is too loose, so the first defense to this is to be sure the collar is properly fitted.
Get the Right Size
The first step to the right fit is to get the right size. You can measure your dog’s neck with a cloth tape measurer, and then add a bit more--around 5%, but it really depends on your dog. Most collars are adjustable, so you’ll have some room to adjust it to get it just right for your dog.
You also want to consider the width of the collar. Generally, the larger the collar, the wider it should also be. You don't want a large dog pulling against what, to the dog, is a very thin piece of material around their neck since it can cause more injury.
Fit it Right
You probably have heard something along the lines that a collar should be snug, but loose enough for you to fit two fingers under the collar--the “two finger rule.” This tends to actually be a bit tighter than many people may think it should be at first.
Also, keep in mind that most adjustable collars will need to be readjusted regularly to ensure it is tight enough--these tend to loosen with regular use.
There are many reasons you may want to consider alternative equipment. If your dog pulls and is difficult to control, you may want to consider a harness. And if you are having trouble with a standard collar or if your dog is a flight risk, you might want to consider alternative equipment, either a martingale collar or a harness with a secure fit. You can read more about each of these options with the link below.